2012, Volume 8, Issue 2
Trend of the effects of four varieties of yoga bhastrika pranayama on physical efficiency index
Rajeev Choudhary1, Leslaw Kulmatycki2, Tilak Raj Meena1
1Department of Physical Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
2Department of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland, Wroclaw
Author for correspondence: Leslaw Kulmatycki; Department of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland; email: leslaw.kulmatycki[at]awf.wroc.pl
Background and Study Aim: The objective of the study was to find out the trend of the effects of four varieties of dynamic yogic breathing call as Bhastrika Pranayama on physical efficiency measured by Harward Step Test. The study was design to find out significant difference between measures of performance (Physical Efficiency Index) for four treatments (four verities of Bhastrika pranayama). Also to find out interaction between particular trials and treatments (linear, quadratic & cubic component for overall trend).
Material and Methods: Total of 40 students were selected as subjects. Age of the Subjects was ranged from 17 to 25 years. All the subjects were divided randomly in to four groups i.e. 10 in each group. Practice of Bhastrika Pranayama was considered as Independent variables and Physical Efficiency Index was considered as dependent variables. To find out the trend of the effects of four varieties of Bhastrika Pranayama on Physical Efficiency Index, trend analysis with multiple treatments was used at 0.05 level of significance.
Results: Insignificant difference was found between measures of performance for treatments (significant trend for treatments), between trials and treatments interaction and between cubic component for overall trends (all p > 0.05). Significant difference (p < 0.05) was found between measures of performance for treatments (significant trend for trials), also between linear component for overall trends (p < 0.05) and between quadratic component for overall trends.
Conclusions: Study revealed that all the four varieties of Bhastrika Pranayama practices proved to be equal in bringing out change in Physical Efficiency Index.
Key words: bhastrika pranayama, physical efficiency index, yoga practices