2011, Volume 7, Issue 4

Agon – a term connecting the theory of struggle with belles-lettres: A perspective of inter-disciplinary research



Leon Andrzej Krzemieniecki1, Roman Maciej Kalina2

1Wroclaw School of Applied Informatics “Horyzont”, Wroclaw, Poland
2Department of Physiotherapy, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland


Author for correspondence: Roman Maciej Kalina; Department of Physiotherapy, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland; email: kom.kalina[at]op.pl


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Abstract

The aim of this paper is main relations to connect the theory of struggle with belles-lettres. Tadeusz Kotarbiński in 1938 began the general theory of struggle (agonology) from the perspective of praxiology. In the second half of the 20th century Polish scientists developed as follows: theory of destructing (cybernetic theory of struggle), theory of non-armed struggle, theory of defensive struggle, theory of combat sports, which is narrowed as far as to a micro-scale – struggles of one against another as it is in combat sports, or an individual against a small group (as at non-sport confrontations). The theory of struggle has been widely applied in developing the theory of sport.In this paper the analysis of struggle (arm wrestling) of heroes of a leading Ernest Hemingway’s short story we have based on agonology. This result shows in a certain sense a new methodological value of agonology in interdisciplinary research of various type struggles, which had been described in belles-lettres. This is a valuable perspective, especially in cognitive and didactic sense.


Key words: agonology, arm wrestling, courage (bravery), theory of combat sports, theory of defensive struggle, theory of destruction, theory of non-armed struggle