2007, Volume 3, Issue 1

Competences of combat sports and martial arts educators in light of the holistic fair self-defence model of training



Jan Harasymowicz1

1University College, Płock, Poland


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Abstract

Background and Study Aim: Determination of the principal elements and criteria of the optimal, holistic model of defensive education.Verifi cation of the degree of coincidence of the contents and forms of instructing self-defense preferred by the modern combat sports and martial arts educators with the model criteria.
Material and Methods: The research included 135 combat sports and martial arts educators representing 19 countries of different continents. Methods: (1) Monographic method and research of chronicles and creating opinion documents; (2) Diagnostic sounding in form of a questionnaire (own elaboration) and interview; (3) Method of creation and use of a model. This model is the essential base of the elaboration of the questionnaire addressed to the combat sports and martial arts educators, and then it was also used to elaborate the basic classifi cation criteria and evaluation of the obtained answers.
Results: The I competence level is fulfi lled by 58.51%(n=79) of the educators; the II and III competence levels are fulfi lled by 20% (n=27) of the educators; the IV level is fulfi lled by 16.29% (n=22) of the educators; the V level is fulfi lled by 12.59% (n=17) of the educators;the VI competence level is fulfi lled only by 8.15% (n=11) of the educators.
Conclusions: The training carried out in combat sports and martial arts in general doesn’t fulfi ll the requirements of comprehensive man’s preparation in the fi eld of fair self-defence and is done without suffi cient theoretical, philosophical and methodical knowledge of the bases of arts of counteraction and prevention of aggression. It is possible to assume, that the education of teachers of combat sports and martial arts in a too small degree takes into consideration the human preparation to widely comprehended self-defense, as well asproblems of philosophical, ethical and methodical bases of training.


Key words: educators, martal arts, self-defence