2015, Volume 11
Profile of an ITF Taekwondo Female Champion Team in Terms of Somatotype and Body Composition
Tatiana Poliszczuk1, Ewa Jankowska1, Maja Mańkowska1, Dmytro Poliszczuk2, Ilona Omiecińska1
1Department of Gymnastics and Sports for All, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Poland, Warsaw
2Department of Physiology, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Poland, Warsaw
Author for correspondence: Tatiana Poliszczuk; Department of Gymnastics and Sports for All, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Poland; email: tatiana.poliszczuk[at]awf.edu.pl
Background and Study Aim: The ITF is working on creating “champion model” that determine high performance in taekwon-do. A number of sources state that sport potential and chances of success can be determined based on an athlete’s body build and somatic type. The aim of this study was to characterise body build and body composition of an ITF taekwon-do female champion team and to determine common somatic traits in female taekwon-do fighters with highest performance in the discipline.
Material and Methods: Study participants comprised the Polish National ITF Women’s Taekwon-do Team (7 juniors: 16-18 years, 11 seniors: 19-30 years). The Heath-Carter typological classification was used to assess participants’ somatotypes. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Obtained data were statistically analysed using the Statistica 10 software package.
Results: High homogeneity in terms of body build and body composition was observed among participants, most had the desired somatotype for martial artists- with a dominance of the mesomorphy component (juniors’ somatotype: 3.50 - 4.44 - 3.07; seniors’ somatotype: 3.50 - 4.44 - 3.18) and average body height and body mass (169.31±4.14 cm; 60.23±6.12 kg). Each body build component was related to sports performance- positive correlation was found for the following parameters: arm length (r = 0.66), pelvis width (r = 0.60), hip width (r = 0.51), and hand width (r = 0.59).
Conclusions: Female taekwon-do champions are characterised by average body height, body mass, and body fat. Their body build and body composition are symmetrical. Top-level sports performance is frequently determined by pelvis width, hand width, and arm length.
Key words: anthropometric measurements, champion model, combat sports, elite athletes, Heath-Carter method