2015, Volume 11
Risk related to passion – comparative analysis of traumas on the example of judo and wrestling
Kazimierz Witkowski1, Jarosław Maśliński1, Magdalena Szałek1, Wojciech Ceśliński2, Juliusz Migasiewicz1
1Faculty of Sport Science, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland, Wrocław
2Faculty of Sport Science, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland, Wroclaw
Author for correspondence: Kazimierz Witkowski; Faculty of Sport Science, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland; email: katedra.ds[at]awf.wroc.pl
Background and Study Aim: Every sport, when fighting with each other at least two athletes, and the essence of struggle is to select one winner (apart from the possible in many sports tie – lack of a decision), and if the fight is to physical effort, there is always a risk of injury and even death (one or even both athletes). Sport fighting is also a need to overcome their weaknesses in order to finally realize their passions. Combat sports are disciplines with elevated degree of injury rate. The aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis: there are more injuries in judo than in wrestling; judo involves injuries of upper extremities in comparison to wrestling where injuries of lower extremities are more frequent; in both sports, injuries occur the most often during competitions.
Material and Methods: The study involved 117 male and female competitors, including 59 of judo and 58 of wrestling and. Information about sport injuries were gathered by means of specially developed questions contained in the questionnaire. Obtained results were analysed.
Results: The main causes of the injuries in judo indicated by the respondents include poor warm-up (41%), incomplete healing of previous injuries (37%) and direct fight (22%). On the other hand, in wrestling injuries are caused by direct fight (44%), poor warm-up (29%) and incomplete healing of previous injury (27%). The vast majority of competitors responded that they continue to participate in training/competition despite pain. The answers provided by the competitors reveal that 97 out of 117 respondents (82.9%) suffered from at least one injury during their sporting career. The following number of athletes in the study group (judo, wrestling) suffered from injury: judo 44; wrestling 80. The most frequent injures included the ones of lower extremities: judo 27; wrestling 33. Most of the respondents suffered from an injury in their sporting career.
Conclusions: The hypothesis turned out to a large extent to be false. More injuries were noted in wrestling (especially within lower extremity, upper extremity and head). However an issue turned out to be real, that lower extremity was most prone to injuries, followed by upper extremity and head, but this relationship is conspicuous among wrestling athletes. In general, lower traumatism among judo athletes can be explained by the fact that judo is the basic element of safe fall training (ukemi waza).
Key words: injury, personal weaknesses, ukemi waza