2016, Volume 12
Acute response in changes in blood pressure and heart rate after punching and kicking in muay thai
Jurandir Baptista da Silva1, Rodrigo Vale1, Guilherme Rosa2, Carlos Pernabuco2, Gilberto Trindade3, Alba Ferreira3, Franklin Gomes3, Rodolfo Nunes1, Vicente Lima3
1Institute of Physical Education and Sports - Postgraduate Program in Exercise and Sports Science, State University of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
2Laboratory of Human Motricity Biocenses, State University of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
3Biodynamic Laboratory of Exercise, Health and Performance, Castelo Branco University, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Author for correspondence: Jurandir Baptista da Silva; Institute of Physical Education and Sports - Postgraduate Program in Exercise and Sports Science, State University of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil; email: profjurandirsilva[at]hotmail.com
Background and Study Aim: It was observed that the increase in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) is associated with the size of the recruited muscle mass due to increased peripheral vascular resistance. However, some studies which analyzed this issue did not show any effect. The aim of the study was knowledge about the systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and heart rate between two types of muay thai strikes (sequences of punches and kicks with sequences of kicks and punches).
Material and Methods: Thirteen men, muay thai experienced practitioners, with 30.08 ±2.36 years, made two visits with 48-hour interval between them, the first with alternating punches and kicks (PPK) and the second being kicked and then punched (PKP). Measurements were made of BP and HR at rest and after warming up and interventions.
Results: A significant difference in relation to changes in SBP, only PPK compared to rest at p<0.05. There was not significant difference between HR and the PPK as well as between PKP with the respective values at rest and warm up.
Conclusion: The results obtained in the sample, the punch sequence and kick, and kick and punch, alter the responses of HR, but not similarly alter the BP. However, an increase in systolic post punch and kick with respect to rest. This result may suggest care in practicing these techniques when performed by people with heart disease and the need of recovery intervals for any practitioner. Thus, further studies are recommended to women and other martial arts to verify the results found here.
Key words: 1RM, acute physical exercise, combat sports, hemodynamic, martial arts