2019, Volume 15
Placebo effect – perspective of diagnosis and therapy of aggressiveness by using fun forms of martial arts during innovative agonology cognitive-behavioral sessions (case study)
Jarosław Klimczak1, Roman Maciej Kalina2
1Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Tourism, Recreation and Ecology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
2Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Roman Maciej Kalina; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Innovative agonology (i.e. evidence-based science about struggle) in prophylactic and therapeutic dimensions have been freshly promoted in English since 2015 in global science. The aim of this paper is theoretical argumentation based on results of randomized empirical studies and unique study case, which should make specialist of different branches of sciences aware that language, methodology, rules, directives, some methods and means of innovative agonology could help solve many health and surviving problems by interdisciplinary approach.
Material and Methods: Six 13 year old students (one female) of school for juveniles with intellectual disability selected by head directed of this school (where one of the workshops in 2015 was conducted). Students were selected by him among group present on a hallway during break between lessons. He agreed with our suggestion, and indicate one with increased aggressiveness. Reference group: 1694 specialist of sports activity organizers for the youth (participants in 2014 and in 2015, organized in every of 16 districts in Poland at least one two-day special courses). This first from diagnostic-therapeutic fun forms of martial arts (“modern marketplace”) was conducted in three versions, two minutes each, by calling “buyer” by: belt color, code number or mix of those two.
Results: The placebo effect explains the results of the following observation: since is clear, that during game (“modern marketplace”) belt is perceived by participants as “credit card” and back of participants as “credit card readers”, therefore, the change of the "credit card" strike in the participant's to a symbolic touch of his body it is a real, conscious correction of motor behaviour (evidence of internal transformation). During every training workshop at least two among 6 participants (33%) for every applied game (“modern marketplace”) were excluded in a first minute (empirical proof of revealed aggressiveness).
Conclusion: Capable specialist of cognitive-behavioral therapy based on innovative agonology can achieve surprising placebo effects. Authors obtained such results during two categories practical consequences: diagnosing and reducing aggressiveness of people regardless age, gender or intellectual disability. Unique means are fun forms of martial arts. Recommendation concerns includes pharmacological restriction of supporting of aggressiveness therapy as well as solving complex ethical issues.
Key words: fun forms of martial arts, pharmacological support, science of struggle