2014, Volume 10
Nutritional assessment of Brazilian sumo wrestlers
Luciana Rossi1, Camila Yuke Torigoe1, Eliane Silva T. Ferreira1, Flávia Rafaella Gomes Santos1, Joyce Vitor Silva1, Ruby Carla Rabello1
1São Camilo University Centre, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, São Paulo
Author for correspondence: Luciana Rossi; São Camilo University Centre, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; email: lrossi[at]usp.br
Background and Study Aim: Since Brazil is the country that presents the largest contingent of immigrants settled outside Japan, studies addressing the impact of feeding habits on the Japanese culture are of great importance. Brazilian sumotoris have promoted the practice of sumo, the national sport in Japan, in order to maintain their culture and tradition. The present study aimed is knowledge about an properties anthropometric Brasilian sumo wrestlers, about their preferences qualitative and quantitative food intake (in comparison with other studies), as well as the feeding habits of the Japanese immigrant considering the Brazilian Food Pyramid.
Material and Methods: The participants in the study were six sumo wrestlers aged between 21 and 36 years and presenting high body mass index (BMI), associated with high adiposity and other anthropometric and biochemical factors of risk for the development of non-transmissible chronic diseases.
Results: Data on food intake, similarly to those in other countries with Japanese population, also indicate that the nutritional transition has an impact of feeding adequacy and body composition, requiring specific reference indexes. Also concerning food intake, according to the nutritional guide for the Brazilian population, an increased intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) is recommended in order to reach 400 g002Fday.
Conclusion: Sumo wrestlers have a body composition different from that of the sedentary population, obese or not, which indicates that the anthropometric assessment should include selected indexes involving somatotype analysis. The strategy of increasing fruit and vegetable intake to adequate quantities should be adopted, as evidenced by several studies involving the nutritional transition impact on the Japanese-Brazilian community. Besides maintaining ties with homeland, sumo practice is a prevention/protection factor for Japanese-Brazilians against the already expressed phenotype of risk for the development of metabolic syndrome.
Key words: anthropometry, brazilian food pyramid, food intake, metabolic syndrome, sumotoris