2012, Volume 8, Issue 1

Using EEG biofeedback in karate: the relationship among anxiety, motivation and brain waves



Hakan Kolayis1

1Sakarya University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Sakarya, Turkey


Author for correspondence: Hakan Kolayis; Sakarya University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Sakarya, Turkey; email: hkolayis[at]sakarya.edu.tr


Full text

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the comparison of anxiety, motivation and brain waves according to gender and education levels. In addition, the study also examined the relationship among anxiety, motivation and brain waves in kareteists.
Material and Methods: Sixty one participants voluntarily participated in the study. CSAI-2 (Competitive State Anxiety Inventory), STAI (State Trait Anxiety Inventory), Sport Motivation Scale and Pro-Comp Infinity Biofeedback Device were used for data collection. The data was analysed in SPSS 13.0 package program.
Results: as a result of the study; While a significant difference between education levels was observed for the values of somatic anxiety and theta wave (p<0.05), there was no significant difference in trait anxiety, cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, self-confidence, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation (p>0.5). Pearson’s correlation test revealed that there was only a significant positive correlation between the values of age and theta brainwave (r: 0.654, p<0.05), whereas, there was no significant correlation between other variables (p>0.05).
Conclusion: EEG biofeedback procedure is employed for reducing anxiety and increasing motivation and self confidence. The present study helps to arrange these psychological patterns for athletes and coaches.


Key words: anxiety, brain waves, karateist, motivation, self cofidence