2010, Volume 6, Issue 1
Motives vs. Age, Training Experience, and Sporting Level in Sumo Wrestlers
Maria Nowak1, Małgorzata Kitowska1, Tadeusz Rynkiewicz1, Robert Piekarski1, Mateusz Rynkiewicz1, Piotr Żurek1
1Extramural Department of Physical Education in Gorzow Wielkopolski of the Poznan Physical Education Academy, Gorzow Wielkopolski, Poland
Author for correspondence: Maria Nowak; Extramural Department of Physical Education in Gorzow Wielkopolski of the Poznan Physical Education Academy, Gorzow Wielkopolski, Poland; email: maria-nowak[at]wp.pl
Background and Study Aim: Motives are dynamic in character and prone to constant variation with the changing age, training experience, and sporting level of individuals practicing amateur sumo. The aim of this research was to identify dominant motives and the way they are being shaped by these influences.
Material and Methods: Researched were 72 individuals practicing amateur sumo, half of whom were world champions, European champions and Poland’s champions. The method applied was diagnostic survey with questionnaires. The results were processed statistically by means of the χ2 independence test and a multiply correspondence analysis.
Results: Improving one’s physical fitness as a motive for practicing sumo is more important to individuals with the longest training experience and a high sporting level (p = 0.0061 for χ2 test). Body weight loss is of importance chiefly to those who have practiced sumo for less than 4 years (p = 0.0046 for χ2 test), and some subjects who have attained a high sporting level (p = 0.0087 for χ2 test). Individuals who practice daily or 3-4 times a day see sumo as their lifestyle (p = 0.0074 for χ2 test), much like those who represent the highest sporting level (p = 0096 for χ2 test).
Conclusions: 1. The dominant motives in amateur sumo wrestlers are the possibility of improvement and perfection of physical fitness and health.2. Identification of dominant motives can help trigger desirable changes in the behavior of an athlete and the orientation of his sporting efforts.
Key words: age category, amateur sumo, motive, sporting level , training experience