2009, Volume 5, Issue 1
Ranking of Polish higher schools based on articles published in Polish sports science journals indexed by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education
Bartłomiej J Barczyński1
1Index Copernicus International S.A.
Background and Study Aim: We can distinguish a few systems used in the world for evaluating and funding science that differ significantly in purpose, organization, and methodology. The principles of the functioning of higher education institutions and the funding of science in Poland are regulated by acts and their executive regulations. Academic units applying for funds must meet several criteria specified in the regulations of the Minister of Science and Higher Education. In national systems of the distribution of funds for education, a key parameter is scientific articles published in international journals with peer review. Regardless of the indicators used (IF, H, etc.), it seems more relevant to say that objective indicators for universities with a sports science profile are the number of points assigned to them in journals related to this discipline of science. The aim of this paper was to test the hypothesis that Polish academies of physical education are accomplishing their statutory mission. The verification tool was their ranking.
Material and Methods: Publication in journals indexed by Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education was adopted as the basic criterion for qualifying for ranking. Identification was based on the compliance of the title of the journal with issues appropriate to sports sciences in the most recent complete publishing cycle, i.e. 2008. A major indicator of ranking the Polish higher schools was assumed to be the sum of the points resulting from the accumulated number of articles published in journals obtained by the individual schools.
Results: Of all Polish public and non-public higher schools (n = 440), the academics of 67 (15.2%) published scientific articles in 2008 in sports science journals. Among the 67 higher schools, academies of physical education, directly identified with sports sciences, occupied the first six positions of the ranking.
Conclusions: The evaluation of scientific achievement, measured by the number of publications and assigning them points, enables an accurate classification of higher schools in terms of specific aspects of their scientific potential. The results presented here provide direct empirical evidence that the academies of physical education fulfill their statutory and social mission. The high interest in issues of sports sciences shown by academics of many different types of Polish higher schools may have a significant impact on the cognitive and applications sphere of this field of science.
Key words: academy of physical education, evaluation, physical education , ranking, sports science