2009, Volume 5, Issue 1

Morphological Diversification of Competitors Training Greko-Roman Style of Wrestling

Władysław Jagiełło1, Artur Kruszewski2

1Jędrzej Śniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
2Józef Piłsudski Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

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Background and Study Aim: The internal proportions of body build of a specific sportsman or chosen athletes' group is very important and little know problem of sport anthropology.That issue is extremely current in combat sports and particularly in wrestling. Cognitive purpose of the research is an attempt of defining qualification of propriety of body build of national Polish representatives in training Greco-Roman style of wrestling against the background of persons of the same population who do not practice sport professionally.
Material and Methods: The research included the representatives of Poland in Greco-Roman wrestling (n = 13). Age of the competitors ranged from 18-28 years (20,54 ± 2,60), mass of body ranged 53-120 kg (78,23 ± 20,72) and height - 162-191 cm (173,99 ± 10,71). The length of training time of wrestlers was 5-12 years (8,54 ± 2,22) and was considerably varied. The comparative group were the students of Warsaw Technical University (Poland). 20 basic somatic measurements were conducted according to the accepted rules. There were specified some indices: slenderness, Rohrer, BMI, Manouvrier and pelvis - shoulder. Densities of body, total fat of body, active tissue, general profile of body build, internal proportions of body build were calculated.
Results: The analysis of internal proportions of competitors' body build factors revealed essential differences of individual set of features. Predominant among distinguished three factors in light and middle weight categories is factor of fat deposition and in a heavy weight category is factor of fat deposition and stoutness. Proportions of internal features of the factors showed that in all weight categories particularly strongly muscled is forearm, on the contrary - weakly - shin. within features expressing stoutness of skeleton, only within light and middle weight categories wrestlers occurs distinct predominance of elbow width and no proportionate - with reference to general factor value- small pelvis width.
Conclusions: The important factor determining morphological differentiation of wrestlers are weight categories. The bigger the body mass the more distinct becomes change of body build into direction of body mass gain at the cost of loss of slenderness features.

Key words: body build, greco-roman wrestling, national team