2009, Volume 5
Correlations between selected coordination motor abilities and technical skills of Greco-Roman wrestlers aged 14-15
Jerzy Sadowski1, Dariusz Gierczuk2
1Faculty of Physical Education in Biala Podlaska, Biala Podlaska, Poland, Biala Podlaska
2Faculty of Physical Education in Biala Podlaska, Biala Podlaska, Poland, Biała Podlaska
Background and Study Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations of selected indices of coordination motor abilities (CMA) and technical skills of Greco-Roman wrestlers.
Material and Methods: Twenty-one wrestlers of the Greco-Roman style representing the student sports club UKS “Dwójka” took part in the research. The age of the examined was 14-15, and their sports experience was between 2.5 and 4 years long. The correlations between 12 indices (describing 7 CMA) and 10 technical elements of wrestling used in a horizontal and vertical posture were analysed. Technical skills were evaluated by five highly qualified wrestling coaches.
Results: It was confirmed that there occurred significant correlations between technical skills and most CMA examined in wrestlers. In 55.8% of the cases correlation coefficients of the examined relations were higher than 0.50, which indicates a strong connection. The strongest correlations were observed between elements of wrestling technique and kinesthetic differentiation, movement combining, motor adjustment, dynamic balance and partly time-space orientation. In turn, the largest amounts of significant correlations with CMA were noticed in the following technical elements: curve trunk grip throw with an arm, curve back trunk grip throw as well as arm grip back throw. Technical elements performed in a vertical posture revealed stronger correlations with CMA than those done in a horizontal posture.
Conclusions: Strong correlations between technical skills and kinesthetic differentiation, movement combining, motor adjustment, dynamic balance and time-space orientation prove that these CMA are extremely important in a training process of beginning wrestlers. Therefore, we should pay attention to their development particularly at the earliest stages of training.
Key words: coordination motor abilities, greco-roman wrestling, technical skills