2008, Volume 4, Issue 1

Report from research the perception of martial arts. Case study of Southern Poland

Kazimierz Obodyński1, Wojciech J. Cynarski1, Kazimierz Witkowski2

1Faculty of Physical Education, Rzeszów University, Rzeszów, Poland
2Academy of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland

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Background and Study Aim: Of the research was to evaluate the perception of martial arts by people practicing various martial arts and combat sports in the southern part of Poland with emphasis put on the aspect of educational values. The scientific research problem put forward in this way required numerous questions to be answered and three hypotheses to be verified.
Material and Methods: Of research used for verification of the hypotheses was the diagnostic survey. The area covered by the research consists of two Polish southern regions – Rzeszów and region of Podkarpacie as well as Wrocław and Lower Silesia. The material of the research - samples from the society of youngsters practicing Asian martial arts and western combat sports – were chosen at random. After eliminating incomplete or erroneous questionnaires N = 156 has been accepted for the statistical elaboration.
Results: All three hypotheses have been confirmed.
Conclusions: Firstly, the evaluation of martial arts influenced neither by the kind of practiced combat sport or martial art nor by the length of training. Secondly, the hierarchy of values differentiates motivation for practicing a martial art. Thirdly, the level of knowledge about martial arts differentiates opinions – the evaluation of the influence of training on personality is clearly dependent on it.

Key words: educational values, martial arts, perception