2008, Volume 4, Issue 1

Wellness in male and female versus judo training (a pilot study)



Stanisław Sterkowicz1, Wojciech Rukasz1, Piotr Weiss2, Hrvoje Sertić3

1Department of the Theory and Methodology of Combat Sports, Cracow Academy of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland
2TS Wisla Club in Cracow, Cracow, Poland
3Faculty of Kinesiology University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


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Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The aim of this paper was to verify the hypothesis that the level of wellness in the men and the women was different. Furthermore, the persons who practise judo are more likely to enjoy a higher sense of wellness than those abstaining from sports.
Material and Methods: This research survey by means of the questionnaire called the "Wellness Inventory" was carried out among young people (n = 53). There were involved men (M; n = 30) and women (W; n = 23) included judoists (J; n = 24) from Wisla Club and respondents abstaining sport (Not; n = 29) studying teacher's specialities at the Academy of Physical Education in Krakow. We used an ANOVA with the inclusion of the gender factors and participation in judo.
Results: The inclusion of the gender factor revealed a medium effect (Cohen's d) only on the social dimension of wellness (in the W group was greater than in the M group). It also was proved that judo training contributes to the intensification of a sense of wellness in the general wellness and physical dimension, but not psychological and social dimensions, and the spiritual dimension.
Conclusions: We have drawn a conclusion concerning the optimisation of these elements of lifestyle on which depends the improvement of the level of psychological, social, and spiritual dimensions of wellness in judoists.


Key words: female, judo, male, wellness