2015, Volume 11
Dependence of work capacity recovery after strenuous training sessions upon individual predisposition of skilled wrestlers to work under different energy modes
Stanisław Sawczyn1, Władysław Jagiełło1, Valentin I Fetisov2, Viktor S Mishchenko1
1University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland, Gdańsk
2European University, Kiev, Ukraine, Kiev
Author for correspondence: Władysław Jagiełło; University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland; email: wjagiello1[at]wp.pl
Background and Study Aim: It is known that a fatigue and recovery response underlies the efficient of elite athletes’ training. Individualities of recovery response in skilled wrestlers training may relate to differ in capacities of anaerobic alactate, lactate and aerobic systems and in some important characteristics of special work capacity of athletes. On this basis relation between energy capacities and rate of special work capacity recovery after heavy training sessions of wrestler has been suggested. The aim of the study was the dependence of the recovery rate of special work capacity characteristics (6 hours after strenuous training sessions of different type) upon predisposition of skilled wrestlers to work in different energy regimes.
Material and Methods: A total of 31 free-style male wrestlers, aged 19-26 (mean 22.9), weighing 63–89 kg, of a national and international levels, with 5-13 years of competitive wrestling experience participated in the study. The recovery of special work capacity 6 hours after three common types of strenuous training sessions differing in preferential realization of anaerobic alactate, glycolytic (lactate) and aerobic energy sources were studied. The speedstrength and special endurance capacities wrestling tests were used. The specific speed-strength characteristics were evaluated by speed of some elements of technical actions (TA) during video registration and dynamic force assessment.
Results: A subjectively perceived (immediately after the session) heaviness of training load was extremely high and did not differ significantly for sessions of different training direction. Six hours after the training sessions, most of analyzed indices of special work capacity and TA were decreased relative to initial values. The decrease was related to the type of the session differing by preferential usage of power regimes of anaerobic alactate, anaerobic glycolytic (lactate) and aerobic character (energy mode). There existed connection between domination in wrestler of these or those aspects of energy capacities and degree of special work capacity and TA recovery after heavy training loads in sessions of different types.
Conclusion: The recovery of special work capacity characteristics six hours after the session turned to be the highest, when individual energy predisposition matched preferential orientation of training session. Practical significance of the study may consist in the advance of additional criteria for regimes of training load repetition with account for individual predisposition of wrestlers.
Key words: combat sport, free-style wrestling, individualities, recovery rate, specific work capacity