2015, Volume 11, Issue 1

Evaluation of the effects of musculofascial therapy on the degree values for physiological spine curvatures, altered due to long-term kick-boxing training



Paweł Szulc1, Michał Wendt2, Jakub Przydanek1, Piotr Bartkowiak1, Małgorzata Waszak1, Krystyna Cieślik1, Jacek Lewandowski3

1Department of Functional Anatomy, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland, Poland
2Department of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland, Poland
3Depatment of Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland, Poland


Author for correspondence: Michał Wendt; Department of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland, Poland; email: wendt.m[at]interia.pl


Full text

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: Changes of spinal curvatures caused by training effect of different sport disciplines have been discussed by many researchers. However, there is a distinct lack of records on the effect training kick-boxing has on the functional parameters of the spine. The aim of this paper was the knowledge about the degree values of spine curvatures among subjects training kick-boxing and the effect of myofascial therapy on these spine parameters.
Material and Methods: The study group comprised of 15 males (18-25 years of age), who have been training kick-boxing. The control group comprised of 15 males in the same age range, who did not train any sports. The degree values for spine curvatures were determined with a tensometric electrogoniometer by Penny & Giles, modified by Boocock. Subjects training kick-boxing underwent 2-week soft tissue therapy based on the methodology of Anatomy Trains by T. Myers.
Results: The study group and the controls differed significantly in terms of all the analyzed degree values for spine curvatures. Kick-boxers presented with deeper spine curvatures, when compared to both respective reference limits and the controls. The therapy exerted beneficial effect, decreasing deepened spine curvatures (significant at p≤0.001). However, the result was not maintained, as shown by the measurements taken three months after completing the therapy. Nevertheless, the curvatures did not return to the pretreatment values.
Conclusion: Training kick-boxing can lead to an increase in degree values of spine curvatures. Myofascial techniques should be an integral part of kick-boxers’ biological regeneration program.


Key words: combat sport, electrogoniometry, physical therapy modalities, rehabilitation, spine