2015, Volume 11, Issue 1

Martial arts bibliotherapy – the possibility of compensating the negative effects of the continuous education for aggression by electronic media and the aggressive interpersonal relationship of children and adults



Jarosław Klimczak1, Leon Andrzej Krzemieniecki2, Dariusz Mosler2

1Faulty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
2Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Education, Poland


Author for correspondence: Jarosław Klimczak; Faulty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland; email: klimczakwmrot[at]op.pl


Full text

Abstract

Bibliotherapy is a form of psychological support and is used in psychotherapy. The term bibliotherapy has appeared for the first time in Atlantic Month journal in 1916 and was defined in Oxford English Dictionary in 1920. Special usefulness of the bibliotherapy was verified by the military libraries in a field hospitals during the First World War. Wounded soldiers about traumatic experiences from the battlefield nurses and volunteers were reading a book about the entertainment character. The result of these tragic experiences is defined phenomenon of the combat stress reaction (CSR).

The aim of this paper is based on general principles of bibliotherapy assumptions and criteria for the creation in future models of martial arts bibliotherapy (MAB) as a method of support for people susceptible of learning aggressive behaviour (preventive aspect) and for people with diagnosed aggressiveness (therapy aspect). The aim of the mentioned clinical effects of the bibliotherapy is to realize the possibility of compensating the negative effects of continuous education to aggression by electronic media and aggressive interpersonal relationships of children and adults, if only in the near future qualified experts (with social acceptance and support) will competently use the MAB.


Key words: aggressiveness, agonology, Declarations HMA against MMA, mental disorders, violence