2016, Volume 12
Quick training of students to judo techniques
Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov1, Gennadii Nikolaevich Arziutov2, Władysław Jagiełło3
1 Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Ukraine, Kharkiv
2National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kyiv, Ukraine, Ukraine, Kyiv
3Gdańsk University of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education, Gdańsk, Poland, Poland, Gdańsk
Author for correspondence: Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov; Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Ukraine; email: sportart[at]gmail.com
Background and Study Aim: Main didactic principles of training to martial arts (combat sports) technique on the base of theory of optimal training with the help of rectangular matrixes have been elucidated. In this didactic system two approaches are used: profound training and training with the help of main principles motor action’s construction. The purpose of the research is theoretical-scientific substantiation, working out and experimental verification of informational-matrix technology of students’ training to motor experience.
Material and Methods: In the research two groups of students participated: experimental (n=30) and control (n=30). All required procedures for verification of groups’ uniformity have been conducted (p<0.05). Experiment lasted during period from 2010 to 2014. We used statistic methods for determination of qualitative and quantitative indicators of the received results of the research (X mean, t, p, s). Matrix technology of training was used. Training by rectangular matrixes was conducted by triad principle “knowledge – ability – skill”, which set dozing of movements’ temp and forces of adversary’s resistance.
Results: In existing methodic of training and mastering of judo technique main part of training session includes realization of technique up to full physical and psychic fatigue (“to failure”). In this case sportsman fulfills technical element up to full fatigue (in martial arts it is 500 repetitions of exercise 10 series with 50 repetitions in each). In case of two technical elements’ combination sportsman fulfills 1500 repetitions of exercise. We offer approach to training of judo technical element with the help of rectangular matrix of repetitions with regulated partner’s resistance and temp of exercise’s fulfillment. In our case sportsman fulfills only 630 repetitions of exercise; respectively 10 series, 21 repetitions in each. On example of judo we elucidate mechanism and structure of martial arts training didactic system as per informational-matrix technologies (rectangular training matrixes). Basing on motor actions’ rectangular matrix methodic of optimal training by profoundness is built: knowledge (space indicator), ability (space and temp-rhythm indicator), and skill (space, temp-rhythm and power indicators of movements).
Conclusions: Application of the offered theory of optimal training by rectangular matrix permits to shorten time at initial stage of martial arts technique’s mastering 2.38 times. It is recommended to use the worked out structure of optimal training model with the help of rectangular matrix in martial arts training process.
Key words: combat sport, didactic system, “knowledge – ability – skill”, martial arts