2019, Volume 15
Social physique anxiety levels of Turkish combat sports (martial arts) athletes and sedentary individuals
Fehmi Calik1, Kürtşat Sertbaş2, Kenan Sivrikaya3, Serdar Geri4, Ilimdar Yalçın1
1Faculty of Sports Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
2Physical Education and Sport, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
3Faculty of Education, Aydin University, Aydın, Turkey
4Physical Education and Sport Department, Kyrgyz Turkish Manas University, Manas, Kyrgyzstan
Author for correspondence: Ilimdar Yalçın; Faculty of Sports Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey; email: ilimdaryalcin[at]gmail.com
Background and Study Aim: Anxiety is one’s threat perception and fear of an outer situation-specific event generally accompanied by an expectation of future threat. It is defined as mental and somatic indications of one’s perception of emotional and physical situations by psychologists. This paper aims is social physique anxiety levels of combat sports and martial arts athletes in compare sedentary individuals in similar age.
Material and Methods: Research group of this study was 147 individuals (81 male and 66 female between 16-24 years old), 24 of which are sedentary and 123 are combat sports and martial arts athletes in Turkey: 70 taekwondo; 30 judo; 23 kung fu. The research data was obtained by the questionnaire administered by the researcher to the sample group in various competitions in 2014. Social Physique Anxiety Inventory was used as data collection tool in the research SPSS 17.0 software package was used to analyze the obtained data using descriptive statistics and Kruskal Wallis H test methods.
Results: Significant difference were determined between the group of combat sports (martial arts) and the sedentary group in the physical appearance easement and total scores between in the negative evaluation expectancy scores at 0.01 level. The combat sports and martial arts athletes had a lower level of social physique anxiety compared to the sedentary individuals of same age group.
Conclusions: That self-esteem and self-confidence gained by athletes through struggling with others in trainings and competitions have a deterministic effect on the results concerning physical appearance easement, negative evaluation expectancy, and social physique anxiety scores is an important outcome. This is an important proof that martial arts and combat sports training has a positive effect on personality.
Key words: judo, kung fu, Social Physique Anxiety Inventory, taekwondo