2016, Volume 12
Formation of active-effective attitude of 12-13 years’ judo athletes to sports functioning in competition period
Andrey Aleksandrovich Bliznevsky1, Mikhail Dmitrievich Kudryavtsev2, Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov3, Władysław Jagiełło4
1Siberian Federal University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
2Reshetnev Siberian State Aerospace University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
3Belgorod State University, Russia, Belgorod
4Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Poland, Gdansk
Author for correspondence: Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov; Belgorod State University, Russia; email: sportart[at]gmail.com
Background and Study Aim: In competition functioning to aspects of attitude exist: orientation for achievement of success and orientation for avoiding of failure. The purpose of the research is theoretically and experimentally substantiate methodic of active-effective attitude to sports functioning formation in 12-13 years’ judo athletes (youngster categories) in competition period.
Material and Methods: The first stage: during the whole annual training cycle we studied judo athletes’ sports motivation and emotional state. We examined: youngsters and junior judo athletes of 12-15 years’: 30 beginners; 45 junior categories; 15 adult categories; and 20 experienced judo athletes of 18-25 years’ (candidate master of sports and master of sports). At the second stage we conducted pedagogic experiment of one year duration. Two groups of judo athletes of 12-13 years’ (practicing judo 1-2 years) were divided into groups in random way: experimental (n = 12); control (n = 12). The methodic included 5 stages of 12 month’s duration of direct preparation for competitions.
Results: It was found that in the process of sports perfection in structure of active-effective attitude to sports practicing significant changes take place. In youngsters categories judo athletes’ attitude to sports functioning orientation for avoiding of failures prevail rather than orientation for success. With sportsmanship rising there appears a trend to weakening of orientation for training process and strengthening of orientation for competition functioning.
Conclusions: In the process of formation of judo athletes’ attitude to sports practicing it is necessary to consider initial level of training and competition motivation in them, as well as to strengthen attitude to competition functioning.
Key words: attitude to sports, competition functioning, positive emotions, self-feeling