2016, Volume 12, Issue 1

Associations of motivation, self-concept and resilience with the competitive level of Chilean judokas

Félix Zurita-Ortega1, José-Joaquín Muros-Molina2, Sonia Rodríguez-Fernández3, Edson-Orlando Zafra-Santos4, Emily Knox5, Manuel Castro-Sánchez1

1Área de Corporal de la Universidad de Granada, University of Granada, Spain
2School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
3Departamento de Métodos de Investigación de la Universidad de Granada, University of Granada, Spain
4Departamento de Fisiología, University of Santo Tomás, Chile
5School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, United Kingdom

Author for correspondence: Félix Zurita-Ortega; Área de Corporal de la Universidad de Granada, University of Granada, Spain; email: felixzo@ugr.es

Author for correspondence: Manuel Castro-Sánchez; Área de Corporal de la Universidad de Granada, University of Granada, Spain; email: manue87@correo.ugr.es

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Background and Study Aim: At achievement goal theory states that the way in which individuals demonstrates competence can influence their motivation to enact behaviour in training, or in performance. The general aim of this study is the relationship between motivational climate, physical self-concept and resilience based on the competitive level of judo athletes.

Material and Methods: Research was conducted with a representative sample of 148 judokas (86 males and 62 females) from Santiago de Chile. We used the 33-item PMCSQ-2 alongside the Spanish validation form to assess the motivational climate, the CD-RISC to assess resilience and one of the five dimensions of self-concept from the AF-5 to measure self-concept of the judokas.

Results: There was negative correlation between task-involved climate and ego- involved climate at semi-professional and amateur performance levels. The task involved climate perceived by individuals performing at different levels how a stronger correlation at semi-professional level (–0.63) followed by amateur level (–0.42). The relationship between ego-involved climate and physical self-concept was particularly prominent at the professional performance level in relation to the other levels. The positive relationship between task-involved climate and physical self-concept is only significant at the amateur performance level. We found a positive relationship between physical self-concept and resilience at the professional, semi-professional and amateur performance levels (0.52, 0.50 and 0.52, respectively).

Conclusions: The findings of this study have practical implications especially for the role of the psychologist in sport that may benefit the athletes they work with by targeting approaches to the physical self-concept of the judo athletes.

Key words: motivational climate, martial arts, judo, ego-involved climate, task-involved climate, physical self-concept