2016, Volume 12, Issue 1

Agonology – the unknown science



Roman Maciej Kalina1

1Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Poland


Author for correspondence: Roman Maciej Kalina; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Poland; email: kom.kalina@op.pl


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Abstract

Is there a science that can provide well-justified knowledge about struggle associated with five aspects of the homo agonisticus nature? If there is, why is this science not commonly known? If there is such a science and it becomes widely known, then is there a chance for at least partial mitigation of the effects of constantly exposing people to destructive struggles that are so disastrous for individuals and global society?

Struggle is the most recognizable attribute in human beings, yet uncovering a mystery of homo agonisticus seems to be an undoable task. Struggle (armed or unarmed) is the relation that joins billions of everyday people all over the world. The term agōn comes from Ancient Greece and meant “a reunion, stadium, sport competitions”. Agonology – science about struggle – brings by the two in-depth theories of agonology – defensive struggle and combat sport – the effects of cognitive and behavioral therapy for humans.


Key words: budo, homo agonisticus, negative cooperation, struggle