2017, Volume 13
Possibilities and limitations of judo (selected martial arts) and innovative agonology in the therapy of people with mental disorders and also in widely understood public health prophylaxis
Dariusz Mosler1, Roman Maciej Kalina2
1Institute Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, Jan Dlugosz University of Czestochowa, Czestochowa, Poland
2Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Dariusz Mosler; Institute Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, Jan Dlugosz University of Czestochowa, Czestochowa, Poland; email: dariusz.mosler[at]gmail.com
Background and Aim: From the perspective of the modern language of health science, it is rightful interpretation, that multidimensional judo deserves to be recognised as a specific method of public health, having a complementary impact on somatic and mental aspects of health. The aim of this review is theoretical and empirical argumentation regarding possibilities and limitations of judo and innovative agonology application in an area of broadly understood prophylactic in public health with special focus on therapy of people with mental disorders.
Material and Methods: As main criteria for reviewing published scientific papers with relations with a term of judo, by a sole presence of this term in its title (“judo”, “judoka”, “judoist”) was taken. Databases were accessed in 31.07.2017 despite Web of Knowledge power of collecting knowledge and data is limited to papers written in English. That is why criteria of inclusion to this work are limited to all Web of Science databases (not only Core Collection) but also Research Journal of Budo, which belongs to Japanese Academy of Budo (papers written in Japanese, abstracts in English.
The review books and articles concerning agonology include 1) the historical context of creating and publishing specific theories of agonology; 2) unique value of agonology in a methodological meaning and its utilitarian applications; 3) substantive offer of innovative agonology.
Results: Applied search method in Web of Knowledge resulted in 1264 records found, written by scientists from 70 different countries: Brazil (140); Poland (118); Japan (86). In the ranking of general science categories, there is undisputed domination of papers classified to science technology (1058), life science and biomedicine (1012), social sciences papers (270). In a category of research areas, out of 100 research areas, sports sciences are dominating with some 916 papers included, the area of general internal medicine (193), physiology (183). Rehabilitation concerns 67 publications. Occasional psychiatry and people with mental disorders.
Five detailed theories of agonology were published in 6 separate books (from 1938 to 2000, all in Polish). Since 2011 innovative agonology offers: mixed assessments; martial arts bibliotherapy; modern health-related training etc.
Conclusion: Quantitative analysis of scientific papers available in global space of science regarding judo is a proof, that 84% of works are framed into two general science categories: science technology and life science and biomedicine. Sports orientation is dominating over health promotion and public health medicine – which confirms the first hypothesis. Recommendations of innovative agonology are close to the overall concept of a jūdō creator, Jigoro Kano. The concept of jūdō by Jigoro Kano and innovative agonology do not exclude themselves. They are coherent, which confirms the second hypothesis.
Key words: budō, combat sports, fun forms of martial arts, Jigoro Kano, martial arts, neo gladiatorship