2018, Volume 14
Transcontextual model application in the prediction of veteran judo athletes' life satisfaction
Marco Batista1, Ruth Jimenez2, Marta Leyton3, Susana Lobato4, Maria Aspano4
1Sport and Well Being, Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Santarem, Portugal
2Facultad de Deporte, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain
3Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
4Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain
Author for correspondence: Marco Batista; Sport and Well Being, Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Santarem, Portugal; email: marco.batista[at]ipcb.pt
Background and Study Aim: Despite recognised benefits of regular physical activity for health, the percentage of individuals linking with a physical activity practice sufficient to confer health benefits is low. The aim of current work is knowledge about effects of an extension of the motivation trans-contextual model application, specifically in the prediction of life satisfaction by veteran judo athletes.
Material and Methods: It was used a sample of 99 Portuguese veteran judo athletes of both genders (aged between 30 and 76 years: M = 42.61 ±9.75), where through questionnaires were measured: basic psychological needs satisfaction, motivation, planned behaviour variables and life satisfaction.
Results: The structural equations model showed that autonomy perception positively and significantly predicts autonomous motivation. In its turn it positively and significantly predicts intentions.
Conclusions: Life satisfaction is positively and significantly predicted by intentions. Results authorise to emphasise the importance of fostering autonomy, since this will favour autonomous motivation, promoting a higher behavioural control over the practitioners’ intentions, thus generating a higher life satisfaction.
Key words: basic psychological needs satisfaction, motivation, planned behaviour, self-determination theory, structural equations model