2017, Volume 13
Declared by medical students actions towards of people in emergency situations – mixed assessments as a basis for analysis of simulation studies
Ryszard Kałużny1, Jarosław Klimczak2
1General Tadeusz Kościuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
2Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
Author for correspondence: Ryszard Kałużny; General Tadeusz Kościuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland; email: ryszard_kaluzny[at]op.pl
Background and Study Aim: Results of the research on the willingness to assist people in various health or life-threatening situations can be considered as an objective indicator of mental health (individuals) and social health (conjunction social groups). The aim of this study is knowledge about declared by medical students actions towards of people in emergency situations.
Material and Methods: The group of 111 students of the second and third year from the department of the medical university from central Poland (48 female, 63 male) were being examined. The average age of the respondents was 21.4 years (the oldest 27 years and the youngest 20 years). Only 8% of students declared sport and social activity and participation in solving difficult situations in microscale. Lack of such experience stated the 10% of respondents. The largest group (63%) are students who did not engage in social activities. The authors used questionnaire KK'017 based on mixed assessments („efficiency – ethical”) of 12 simulated actions. Diagnosis based on declared actions in 3 situations: the need to help others; a serious accident on the road when the respondent is in a hurry for an important meeting; jump into the water to save the drowning.
Results: Ethical actions in each simulated situation are declared by 64% students. Stability of „efficiency – ethical” in each of the three simulated situations revealed 36% of the respondents. This indicator in relation to the two declarations (a dangerous accident on the road when the respondent is in an emergency meeting, jumping into the water to save the drowning) is 57%. The closest social expectations are the declarations of students cumulating three activities: sport, social and participation in solving difficult situations in the microscale (ethical actions 75%; stability of „efficiency – ethical” in two specific simulations of threats to health or life 62.5%). The opposite is the declaration of students who lack these experiences (respectively: 45%; 25%).
Conclusions: Applied questionnaire KK'017 based on mixed assessments turned out to be a synthetic tool for diagnosing mental health and predicting the effectiveness of rescue operations. The questionnaire KK'017 results associated with rescue skills and swimming tests of particular social groups (especially students, teachers, educators and candidates for on-demand and uniformed public services) may be the basis of an educational strategy and promotion of social health.
Key words: innovative agonology, mental health, on-demand and uniformed public services, questionnaire KK\'017, social health, survival ability