2018, Volume 14
Anthropometry, physical performance, and motor coordination of medallist and non-medallist young fencers
Mohd Rozilee Wazir Norjali Wazir1, Mireille Mostaert1, Johan Pion2, Matthieu Lenoir1
1Movement and Sports Sciences, University Of Ghent, Gent, Belgium
2HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Author for correspondence: Mohd Rozilee Wazir Norjali Wazir; Movement and Sports Sciences, University Of Ghent, Gent, Belgium; email: rozilee.norjali[at]ugent.be
Background and Study Aim: Fencing is a sport that relies on a complex intra play of numerous performance characteristics. Evaluation of these characteristics is important in the field of talent identification and talent development. Multidimensional test batteries have proven their value in different sports. The present study aimed to identify anthropometric, physical performance and motor coordination characteristics that discriminate medallist and non-medallist fencers.
Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 83 young fencers (21 national medallists, 62 non-medallist) between 11 and 16 years old were tested in 2010-2015 using a test battery consisting of four anthropometrical, nine physical performance and three motor coordination tests. The fencers were divided into two groups (medallist and non-medallist at national youth championships). First, descriptive analysis explained their general score (means) for anthropometric, physical performance and motor coordination. Second, MANCOVA (multivariate analysis of covariance) was used to explain to what extent the two groups were different from each other, taking into account the effect of maturity (age at peak height velocity – APHV) and calendar age (CA).
Results: Generally, the results showed no differences between medallist and non-medallist fencers in anthropometry, physical performance and motor coordination. APHV significantly affected anthropometry and several strength, speed and explosivity variables. Chronological age affected nearly all indicators of anthropometry, physical performance, and motor coordination. MANCOVA, correcting for APHV and CA showed no significant difference for anthropometric, physical performances and motor coordination between medallist and non-medallist fencers.
Conclusions: This study a shows a significant effect of APHV and chronological age in anthropometric, physical performance and motor coordination among young fencers. The possibility that only taking into account anthropometry, physical performance, and motor coordination of young fencers in the talent identification process is limited due to the complexity of fencing is discussed.
Key words: talent identification, talent development, EUROFIT