2018, Volume 14
Increase in level of special physical fitness of the athletes specialising in different combat sports (judo, sambo, combat sambo) through of crossFit training
Aleksander Yurievich Osipov1, Mikhail Dmitrievich Kudryavtsev2, Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov3, Władysław Jagiełło3
1Siberian Federal University | Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
2Siberian Federal University | Reshetnev Siberian State Aerospace University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
3Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Poland, Gdansk
Author for correspondence: Władysław Jagiełło; Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Poland
Background and Study Aim: The experts consider the level of athletes’ special endurance development to the intensive training and competitive influences as the definite factor of success in competitive activity of athletes in the current context. The aim of this study is knowledge about possibility of significant increase in this motor ability of the athletes practicing different types of combat sports (judo, sambo, combat sambo).
Material and Methods: The ninety athletes practicing judo, sambo and combat sambo participated in researches. The age of athletes was 19-23 years. Sports qualification of athletes was: 67 candidates master of sports and 23 masters of sports of Russian Federation in combat sports (single combats). Duration of researches was 1 year. For increase in level of athletes’ special endurance were used exercises of crossFit training. Trainings included series of exercises aimed at the development of high-speed and strength abilities of athletes and special endurance. The following tests were applied to evaluate the level of athletes’ special endurance: Sterkowicz Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT), the test with 60 throwings of 2 sparring partners and simultaneous evaluation of execution method of combat methods, the standard run test and ECG recording method of Zavyalov.
Results: The reliable differences (p<0,01) were revealed in evaluations of exhaustion level after performance of specific loads of athletes in experimental and control groups. It was revealed that the level of athletes’ exhaustion was significantly lower. The reliable higher values (p<0,01) of the SJFT index were also revealed at athletes of experimental groups (sambo and combat sambo). The received values confirm about higher level of special endurance at athletes of experimental groups, in comparison with control groups.
Conclusions: Search of new, scientifically based techniques and programs of an intensive functional training of athletes is necessary. Researches of authors of article demonstrate that use of crossFit-training in athletes training activity from different types of fight allows to achieve significant increase in level of special fitness to specialized physical impacts.
Key words: electrocardiogram (ECG), exhaustion zone, special endurance, training loads