2019, Volume 15
The overall knowledge characterising the training process of young sambo athletes
Aleksander Osipov1, Mikhail Kudryavtsev2, Sergii Iermakov3, Władysław Jagiełło4
1Department of physical education, Siberian federal university, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Department of physical education, Siberian federal university, Reshetnev Siberian State University Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3Department of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland
4Department of sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Władysław Jagiełło; Department of sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Experts point to the lack of high-quality scientific research highlighting the initial training stage of young sambo athletes. The purpose of the research is knowledge based on scientific publications about the training process among young sambo athletes.
Material and Methods: The data search was carried out in scientific databases: SCOPUS, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, SCIELO, eLIBRARY. Searches included terms: sambo, judo, young athletes, training process. Besides, implementation recommendations of the review and meta-analysis (PRISMA-P) were used for data analysis. Criteria for the inclusion of the revealed documents in the review: the actual problem and the purpose of the study, a significant sample of the studied athletes, the duration of the study is at least 1 year, tests and measurements and data statistical analysis.
Results: Eighty-seven studies that best meets the search criteria have been found. Direction of research (ordinal variable: number of publications): development of physical qualities of combat athletes (28); improvement of tactical and technical base (23); course training of young athletes (18), sports selection quality (7); control of training load (6); the methods of psychological readiness of athletes (5).
Conclusions: The contradiction has been revealed between the pedagogical need to start learning from the study of martial arts (combat sports) techniques and the techniques predominance for the development of physical qualities of athletes during the first study years. Moreover, unreasonable acceleration of training process of young sambo athletes was found during the initial period of training. The lack of coordination abilities development was found among young athletes.
Key words: training cycle, structural analysis, Sambo sports schools, coordination abilities, training loads