2019, Volume 15
Effects of combined exercise on appendicular muscle mass, self-reliance fitness and arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules in elderly women
Hyun-Hun JUNG1, Min-Ki Jeong1, Do-Kyum Min2, Yun-Hwan Kim 1, Eun-Hee Kim 1, Garam Hong 1, Jae-Hyun Park 1, Seon-Hong Baek 1, Il-Kyu Park 1, Cao-You Shen1, Gwon-Min Kim 1, Dong-Hyun Kim 1, Sang-Kab Park 1
1College of Arts and Sports, Dong-A University, Busan, South Korea
2College of Arts and Sports, Dong-A University, Busan, Poland
Author for correspondence: Min-Ki Jeong; College of Arts and Sports, Dong-A University, Busan, South Korea; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aims: Pathophysiological studies have shown that elevated circulating concentrations of soluble inflammatory markers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), soluble E-selectin and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) may be independent risk factors for arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules. The aim of this study, is the effects of combined exercise on the arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules of self-reliance health fitness and appendicular muscle mass in elderly women.
Material and Methods: The participants were 21 elderly women (exercise group, n = 11; control group, n = 10). The combined exercise consisted of walking and resistance exercise 80 minutes/session, 4 days each week for 12 weeks. Body composition, a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry , and arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules were measured.
Results: After combined exercise, significant group time interactions for body weight (p<0.01) and body fat percentage (p<0.01) were found. In AMM and HDL-C(r = 0.830, p<0.01), there was positive relationship while MCP-1( r = −0.685, p<0.01), sE-selectin (r = −0.643, p<0.01), and sVCAM-1(r = −0.625, p<0.01) showed a negative correlation.
Conclusions: The long-term combined exercises appeared to prevent the risks of arteriosclerosis by improving arteriosclerosis adhesion molecules through enhancing self-reliance health fitness and increasing muscle mass of the elderly women.
Key words: body composition, cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular strength, physical activity