2019, Volume 15
Pedagogical approach to the development of art therapy - a review
Tetiana Serhiivna Yermakova1, Adam Podolski2
1Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
Author for correspondence: Tetiana Serhiivna Yermakova; Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts, Kharkiv, Ukraine; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Art therapy is seen as a form of psychotherapy and rehabilitation technology with the help of visual art. At the same time, art therapy is developing in the field of education and implements educational, developmental, diagnostic, corrective and socializing functions. The aim is to highlight the pedagogical component of the use of art therapy, to show the forms of non-verbal communication in art therapy.
Material and Methods: It was analysed the researches between the years 2000-2019. We used such criteria as where art therapy is considered as a psychological and pedagogical technology; where it was mentioned about metaphor as a means of nonverbal communication.
Results. The first category discloses the main components of art therapy. It is covered such categories: art – as a means of non-verbal communication, through which emotions and conflict situations of a person are expressed; and metaphorical image of figure of speech, which explain what is drawn. Features of art pedagogy that are directly related to the pedagogical process are presented. The professional-pedagogical component of art therapy and art pedagogy in particular is characterized.
Conclusions. The use of pedagogical knowledge, skills and abilities within the art have a strong potential for creative expression of the individual, enrich communication skills, contribute to the preservation of the mental health of the individual, as well as the development of theory and practice of personality-oriented education.
Key words: communication, development, mental health, metaphor, innovative agonology, non-verbal communication, transference, visual art