2020, Volume 16
Increasing of special physical fitness of the female athletes practicing sambo
Aleksander Yurievich Osipov1, Mikhail Dmitrievich Kudryavtsev2, Wladyslaw Jagiello3, Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov4, Wieslaw Blach5
1Department of Physical Education, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Department of Physical Education, 3Reshetnev Siberian State University Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
34Department of Sport, Faculty of Physical Culture, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdańsk, Poland
4Belgorod State University, Belgorod, Russia
56 University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Background and Study Aim: A high level of special physical fitness is necessary achieving high results in combat sports (martial arts). The purpose of the study is knowledge about effective methods increasing the level of special physical fitness of the junior female practicing sambo.
Material and Methods: The participants 17-18 years old female (n = 21) practicing sambo for more than 4 years. The study period had been conducted for 32 weeks. Various methods of level increase of athletes’ functional fitness were used. The group A (n = 11) had used randori (sparring) and throws at a fast pace. The group B had used the functional training and randori. The physical fitness indicators of the female athletes to assess: Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT), lactate concentration in the blood, test with execution of 30 ippon-seoi-nage (throw) analysis of competitive results.
Results: The female athletes from the group B had showed significant (p<0.05) superiority of SJFT results. The level of lactate concentration in the blood was significantly (p<0.05) lower after SJFT among the female of the group B. The test with execution of 30 ippon-seoi-nage had not revealed significant differences of the recovery parameters among the female. The competitive results of the female of the group B were significantly (p<0.01) higher.
Conclusions: The presented training practice methodology allows increasing the level of special physical fitness of the female athletes significantly without apparent increase of the training loads amount.
Key words: crossfit, interval training, randori, throws, training loads