2020, Volume 16
New kata evaluation in top-level karate: analysis of frequency and score of katas in K1 Premiere League
Adrian Novosad1, Jaroslava Argajova2, Dusana Augustovicova1
1Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
2Sport School Karate, Prievidza, Slovak Republic
Author for correspondence: Adrian Novosad; Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: With the new kata evaluation procedure, seven judges evaluate the kata. Scores are given according to the technical and athletic presentation of the katas. This improvement could cause changes in competition trends. The goal of the study was the knowledge about frequency and score of performed katas at the 2019 Karate 1 premiere league.
Material and Methods: A total of 2,190 kata were performed. All performed katas during the season were recorded. Chi-square tests and ANOVA were conducted.
Results: The most performed katas were Suparinpei (14.3%) followed by Anan Dai (13.7%), Papuren (13.1%), Chatanyara Kushanku (9.3%) and Anan (8.5%). In general and in female category, the most successful kata in all factors was Oydomari no Passai which was not used very often. In male category it was Kosokun Sho in total and technical score, Sochin in athletic score. In general, the most unsuccessful katas was Heiku, Kosokun Sho in female, Enpi in male category. There is a significant relationship between gender and choice of katas. Female athletes prefer Papuren, while male athletes prefer Anan Dai. There was not a significant difference in score between male and female athletes.
Conclusions: To progress to the next round, karatekas perform longer and more complex kata than before the rules change. This, however, does not guarantee higher score. Shorter katas have lower score and therefore are used less. As male and female competitors choose different katas and achieve different score, training should also be differentiated based on gender.
Key words: total score, technical score, performance, athletic score