2010, Volume 6
Effective ways of struggles applied by teenage female judoka during Spanish Judo Cadets Championship
Vicente Carratalá Deval1, José Manuel García García2, Fernándes Monteiro Luís3, Alfonso López Díaz de Durana4
1Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Science, University of Valencia, Valencia, Valencia, Spain
2Faculty of Sports Science, University of Castilla La Mancha, La Mancha, La Mancha, Spain
3Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Science, University Lusófona of Lisboa, Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
4Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Science, University Politecnic of Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Author for correspondence: Vicente Carratalá Deval; Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Science, University of Valencia, Valencia, Valencia, Spain; email: vicent.carratala[at]uv.es
Background and Study Aim: To analyse the most efficient technical actions used by national-level female judokas of the cadets category (15 and 16 years), in each of the weight categories, advantages and sanctions obtained throughout the development of combats and distribution of the results achieved in each of the four-minute rounds. The objective is to establish the judokas’ technical profile according to weight categories.
Material and Methods: The sample consists of 116 female judokas between the age of 15 and 16, divided into seven weight categories, who participated in a total of 166 combats during the Spanish Championships. The acquisition of data was carried out by the referees selected for the study follow-up throughout the development of competition, who filled in the official entry form of each of the combats. A descriptive analysis was performed on the statistical software SPSS 14.
Results: The results show that the most frequently used techniques by female judokas, the dynamic structure of the combat and the number of sanctions is similar to the ones used by high-level judokas. However in this age category the most frequent technical groups are generally the te-waza group with seoi-nage as the most efficient technique, and the sutemi-waza with tani- otoshi as the most representative technique, followed by sanctions.
Conclusions: Spanish female judokas, irrespective of the weight category, achieve the higher effectiveness of the fight in the vertical posture (tachi-waza) than in the horizontal posture (ne-waza).
Key words: effective ways of judo struggle, judo technique , specific judo terminology