2005, Volume 1
Changing judo in changing Europe On the identity of combat sports in the era of integration and globalisation
1Academy of Humanities and Economics, Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Author for correspondence: Waldemar Sikorski; Academy of Humanities and Economics, Lodz, Łódź, Poland; email: waldemarsikorski[at]tlen.pl
Judo of the 21st century keeps changing in diverse areas. First of all, it has gained prestige and popularity upon having entered the Olympic programme. Then, it has transformed from a martialart into elite sport, evolving in various directions: the number of weight categories increased,the contest duration decreased, two colours of judogi, as well as some changes in contest rulesand regulations of international tournaments were introduced. Japanese dominance in worldchampionships and Olympic Games has been fading with time. Nevertheless, Japanese judoistsare still at the top of all international events. The growing popularity of judo throughout theworld contributed to its quality. A mixture of various combat styles, use of modern trainingmethods, taking advantage of applied science, etc., resulted in Olympic and world championshipmedals becoming the domain of the most talented individuals instead of countries regarded asthe strongest in judo.
Key words: dominance, globalisation, judo