2019, Volume 15
Physical and physiological profile in youth elite Chilean wrestlers
David Venegas-Cárdenas1, Rocío Caibul-Díaz1, Valentin Mons2, Pablo Valdés-Badilla3, Aurélien Pichon2, Daniela Cuadra4, Maicon Rodrigues Albuquerque5, Jonatas Ferreira da Silva Santos6, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela1
1School of Sports and Physical Activity Sciences. Faculty of Health., Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago, Chile
2Laboratory Mobility. Aging & Exercise, University of Poitiers, Poitiers, France
3Physical Education Pedagogy. School of Education, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago, Chile
4Federación Deportiva Nacional de Lucha Olímpica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
5Combat Sports Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
6Physical Training and Sport Performance Research Group. Physical Education Department, Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys, Diamantina – Minas Gerais, Brazil
Author for correspondence: Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela; School of Sports and Physical Activity Sciences. Faculty of Health., Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago, Chile; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: The most successful countries in wrestling have many studies that contribute to development, not only this sport. Results, conclusions and recommendations from these studies being essential to research Chilean wrestlers to establish indicators of evaluation for the needs of selection and training effects. The cognitive aim of this study is knowledge about the physical and physiological profile in youth elite Chilean wrestlers and also a correlation of measured specific and general adaptation indicators.
Material and Methods: Special Wrestling Fitness Test (SWFT), maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), Abalakow's jump (ABK), relative strength index (RSI), handgrip strength, adipose and muscle tissues were measured on 20 young Chilean wrestlers, members of the national team of Chile. Data were analyzed with the GraphPad Prism 8 program, using t Student. Pearson and Spearman tests. For all cases, a significance value of p≤0.05 was established.
Results: There are significant differences between styles in age (p = 0.0139), height (p = 0.0413), VO2max (p = 0.0232), handgrip EE (p = 0.002), handgrip EB (p = 0.0008), SJ (p = 0.004), CMJ (p = 0.0043), ABK (p=0.0038) and muscle tissue t-score (p = 0.0088). Significant correlations were found between the SWFT and VO2max (p<0.0001), handgrip EE (p = 0.012), handgrip EB (p = 0.0211), SJ (p = 0.0015), CMJ (p = 0.0002), ABK (p=0.0001), RSI (p = 0.003) and % adipose tissue (p<0.0001).
Conclusions: All tests provide relevant information about the wrestler's performance, verifying that different physical, physiological and anthropometric variables can be modified according to the wrestler style.
Key words: field testing, combat sports, aerobic fitness, performance, physical condition