2021, Volume 17
Personality of karate competitors due to their sport specialization
Paweł Piepiora1, Ligiana Petre2, Kazimierz Witkowski1
1Faculty of Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
2Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Faculty of Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Karate competitions take place in the kata and kumite competitions. Karate athletes, depending on their preferences in the training process, focus on specializing in kata or kumite. Karate shapes the personality of practitioners. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to answer the question: whether the personality of athletes with different sports specialization is identical (similar).
Matherial and Methods: The subjects of the study were 122 competitors (men) of the Polish Karate Federation in four groups: kata athletes shotokan style (n = 31), kumite fighters shotokan style (n = 31), kata athletes kyokushin style (n = 30), kumite fighters kyokushin style ( n = 30). The age of the respondents ranged between 20 and 29 years of age. Their seniority was between 2 and 12 years. The karatekas rank was between 3 kyu and 3 dan.
Results. There are no statistically significant difference between the study groups. The compared groups are similar in all scales.
Conclusions. The personality of karatekas specializing in kata is no different from the personality of karatekas specializing in kumite. There are also no differences in the personality of the competitors between the representatives of the shotokan style and the kyokushin style.
Key words: kumite, kata, combat sports, budo, martial arts, NEO-FFI