2020, Volume 16
Effect of physical activity volume on active coping style among martial arts practicing adolescents: the mediating role of self-efficacy and positive affect
Ting Xu1, Guodong Zhang1
1College of physical education, Southwest university, Chongqing, China
Author for correspondence: Guodong Zhang; College of physical education, Southwest university, Chongqing, China; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: Coping style is an important psychological factor for adolescents. Martial arts, as forms of physical activity (PA), have a positive effect on the physical and psychological growth of adolescents. However, the internal mechanisms underlying the impact of physical activity volume (PAV) on the coping styles of adolescents are still unclear. Therefore, the aim of the current study was the knowledge about the intrinsic links between PAV and active coping style (ACS) among martial arts practicing adolescents and the possible mechanisms involved.
Material and Methods: This study included 403 Chinese adolescent practitioners of martial arts (mean age 13.66 ±1.14 years, mean duration of practice 1.36 ±1.33 years), and we analyzed the questionnaires designed to assess their PAV, general self-efficacy, positive affect, and (ACS).
Results: Different physical activity levels had significant effects on self-efficacy, positive affect, and ACS in martial arts practicing adolescents. PAV was positively correlated with self-efficacy, positive affect; and self-efficacy was positively correlated with positive affect and ACS; and positive affect was positively correlated with ACS. The structural equation model revealed that self-efficacy and positive affect played mediating effects between PAV and ACS in martial arts practicing adolescents.
Conclusions: We suggest that primary and secondary schools should encourage students to take part in moderate- to high-intensity physical activity to enhance self-efficacy and positive affect, thereby improving their coping style.
Key words: Positive Affect Scale, Physical Activity Ranking Scale (PARS-3), mediating effect, General Self-Efficacy Scale, sports psychology