2021, Volume 17
Differences between technical activities used by male and female wrestlers competing in Seniors European Wrestling Championships (Roma, 10-16 February 2020)
Artur Kruszewski1, Ilia Cherkashin2, Marek Kruszerwski1, Elena Cherkashina3, Andrzej Tomczak4
1Department of Individual Sports , Jozef Pilsudski Uniwersity of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
21. North-Eastern Federal University; 2. Yakut State Agricultural Academy; 3. Moscow State Academy of Physical Culture in Moscow Region, Malakhovka., Yakutsk, Russia
3Institute of Physical Culture and Sports, North-Eastern Federal University, 677000 Yakutsk, Russia, Yakutsk, Russia
4Akademia Sztuki Wojennej, Warszawa, Polska, Warszawa, Poland
Author for correspondence: Artur Kruszewski; Department of Individual Sports , Jozef Pilsudski Uniwersity of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Many researchers indicate diversity of fighters who practice combat sports in the field of gender-segregation. The aim of study is knowledge about anticipated differences in technical activities which were used during wrestling match, between men and women.
Material and Methods: The study included process of sports competition during Seniors European Wrestling Championship (Rome, 10-16 February 2020), in female and male free-style wrestling. Female wrestling competition included 126 wrestlers and 149 wrestling bouts, while free-style wrestling competition included 177 wrestlers and 215 duels. Replaying and stopping of fights was possible thanks to digital recordings.
Results: Studies which were carried out indicate a diversity in a way of conducting a bout in relation to a wrestler’s’ gender. Regarding the settling a match, winning by points advantage in a regular match time dominates both in female wrestling and male free-style wrestling. However, women settled the match by foul more frequently than men (20% among women, 6% among men, p<0.0001). A diversity of applied technical actions in both standing and horizontal positions was also observed.
Conclusions: According to the obtained results, wrestlers have use specific techniques more frequently in different sex and weight categories. Therefore, coaches could create a specific training programme for athletes.
Key words: Olympic wrestling, combat sports, wrestling match round