2021, Volume 17
The impact of various strength training protocols on the strength and sporting performance of junior male judokas
Aleksander Yurievich Osipov1, Miroslav Slizik2, Pavol Bartik2, Mikhail Dmitrievich Kudryavtsev3, Sergii Sidorovich Iermakov4
1Department of Physical Education, Siberian Federal University, Professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Department of Physical Education and Sport, Matej Bel University, Faculty of Arts, Banska Bystrica, Slovak Republic
3Department of Physical Education, Siberian Federal University, Reshetnev Siberian State University Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
4Department of Sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Gdansk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Pavol Bartik; Department of Physical Education and Sport, Matej Bel University, Faculty of Arts, Banska Bystrica, Slovak Republic; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: Judo coaches offer various strength training protocols to improve performance of judo athletes. The purpose of the study was knowledge about the impact of a 12-week various strength training protocols on the strength and sporting performance of junior male judo athletes.
Material and Methods: The participants 17 years old elite male judokas (n = 36). The overall study period was 12 week. Various strength training protocols were used. The group 1 used resistance workouts (four workouts per week). Other participants used different protocols of mixed strength workouts: two resistance + two circuit workouts per week (group 2) and three CrossFit + one resistance workout per week (group 3). The general (IHST, Bench Press, Back Squat, Squat Jump) and specific (SJFT and Sporting Performance) tests to assess for strength performance of athletes were used.
Results: A higher (p≤0.05) positive impact of various strength training protocols for studied athletes on back squat test (group 1) and on the pull-up test (group 3) was found. A more significantly (p≤0.05) positive impact of resistance workouts and strength mixed (CrossFit + resistance) workouts on a sporting performance (won competitive judo matches) of studied judo athletes (group 1 and group 3) was found.
Conclusions: The study demonstrated that 12 weeks of various strength training protocols: resistance workouts and mixed (CrossFit + resistance) workouts, are more effective to increase some strength and sporting performance of junior male judokas.
Key words: circuit training, combat sports, CrossFit, judo, resistance training, sporting success