2021, Volume 17
The impact of the PEAK program on collegiate athletes’ life skills and learning attitude
Jin-su Bae1, Tae-hee Lim1, Oh-jung Kwon2, Mi-seon Yun3, Yun-kyung Kang4, David Michael O\'Sullivan5
1Taekwondo, Yongin University, Yongin, South Korea
2Physical Education, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, South Korea
3Physical Education, Yongin University, Yongin, South Korea
4Education, Kangnam University, Yongin, South Korea
5Sport Science, Pusan National University, BUSAN, South Korea
Author for correspondence: David Michael O\'Sullivan; Sport Science, Pusan National University, BUSAN, South Korea; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: The PEAK program was developed based on positive youth development theory to promote student-athletes’ life skills. This study aim is the effectiveness of the application of the PEAK program on improving the life skills and learning attitudes of college athletes.
Material and Methods: A total of 28 participants (17 male, 11 female; Mage=19.64), who were enrolled in the 1st and 2nd grades of and registered as athletes in the Korean Olympic Committee (basketball, boxing, judo, Korean wrestling, soccer, table tennis, taekwondo form and sparring, wrestling), were included. The program was applied over eight sessions, each lasting approximately 90 minutes. Quantitative data collection was conducted pre- and post-test, using scales for life skills and learning attitude. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect qualitative data. The collected data were analysed using paired t-tests, inductive content analysis, and word clouds.
Results: Among the sub-factors of life skills, there were statistically significant improvements in goal setting, time management, and stress management factors. In addition, the participants stated that they highly valued the opportunity for self-awareness during participation in the program, which was also helpful in improving their social skills. Among the sub-factors of learning attitude, there were statistically significant improvements in the factors of interest, attention, and motivation to learn. The participants showed poor learning attitudes before participating in the program, but post participation in the program had positive expectations that they would implement plans and improve their grades.
Conclusions: The PEAK program was found to be effective in improving the life skills and learning attitudes of college athletes. It can serve as an intervention program for athletes to balance their sports and daily lives, and empower them to live a better life.
Key words: positive youth development, positive psychology, Korean sports culture, sports innovation