2021, Volume 17

Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics



Michal Vagner1, Daniel Cleather2, Petr Kubovy3, Vladimir Hojka4, Petr Stastny5

1Department of Military Physical Education; Department of Sports Games, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic , Praha, Czech Republic
2St Mary’s University, Waldegrave Road, Twickenham, TW1 4SX, UK; Institute for Globally Distributed Open Research and Education (IGDORE), Twickenham, United Kingdom
3Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic , Prague, Czech Republic
4Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic , Prague, Czech Republic
5Department of Sports Games, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic , Prague, Czech Republic


Author for correspondence: Michal Vagner; Department of Military Physical Education; Department of Sports Games, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic , Praha, Czech Republic; email: vagner.mm76@gmail.com

Michal Vagner: 0000-0002-1343-0187

Daniel Cleather: 0000-0001-7852-3440

Vladimir Hojka: 0000-0003-4172-0859

Petr Stastny: 0000-0003-2841-374X



Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The general fitness requirements for any combat activity include the flexibility, speed, power, muscular endurance, aerobic capacity, muscular strength, agility, balance, coordination, and body composition. In addition, the development of these fitness component should support and not disrupt the development and practice of combat techniques The aim of this study was knowledge about the effects of two programs of strength training on front push kick dynamics and kinematics across different loading conditions (no-load up to 45kg of external load) in professional soldiers.

Material and Methods: Sixteen professional military personnel were randomized into two groups who performed an 8-week intervention program focused either on functional training with a core emphasis (FCE: 26.8 ±10.1 years, 84.2 ±5.4 kg, 181.1 ±6.4 cm) or traditional strength preparation (TSP: 26.8 ±10.1 years, 84.2 ±5.4 kg, 181.1 ±6.4 cm). Both groups performed 5 front push kicks into a force plate across 5 different loading conditions and forces and kinematics were measured.

Results: The main differences in the performance of the front push kicks after FCE were that impulse increased by 16% and the impact time of the front kicks were prolonged by 10% whereas after TSP the peak force was increased by 20% and the angular velocity of the knee by 13%. Both training programs promoted changes in the coordination of movement as quantified by principal component analysis.

Conclusions: The FCE should be included in training close combat to increase impulse of the front push kick and TSP should be included to increase the peak force and the angular velocity of the knee. The combination of FCE and TSP should be used in training as both could improve kicking performance.


Key words: dynamic forces, Covid-19 pandemic, core training, close combat, home training, military personnel


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Vagner M, Cleather D, Kubovy P et al. Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics. ARCH BUDO. 2021;17

APA:

Vagner, M., Cleather, D., Kubovy, P., Hojka, V., & Stastny, P. (2021). Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics. ARCH BUDO, 17

Chicago:

Vagner, Michal, Cleather Daniel, Kubovy Petr, Hojka Vladimir, Stastny Petr. 2021. "Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics". ARCH BUDO 17

Harvard:

Vagner, M., Cleather, D., Kubovy, P., Hojka, V., and Stastny, P. (2021). Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics. ARCH BUDO, 17

MLA:

Vagner, Michal et al. "Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics." ARCH BUDO, vol. 17, 2021

Vancouver:

Vagner M, Cleather D, Kubovy P et al. Effect of strength training programs on front push kick dynamics and kinematics. ARCH BUDO 2021; 17