2021, Volume 17
Pattern recognition: modes of teaching boys aged 10 mae-geri (front kick) technique in kyokushin karate
Svitlana Marchenko1, Wladyslaw Jagiello2, Sergii Iermakov3, Olha Ivashchenko4, Oleg Khudolii5
1Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
3Department of Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
4Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
5Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Author for correspondence: Oleg Khudolii; Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: In the modern educational space, a healthy lifestyle is being shaped through involving school students in extracurricular physical education and sports activities. One of the tools that can be used both as a sport and a health-improving system for all age groups is a martial art – kyokushin karate. The aim of the study was to knowledge about the modes of physical exercises when teaching series of tasks aimed at developing motor skills in boys aged 10.
Materials and Methods: The study involved 32 boys aged 10. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of learning tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning. During teaching, the method of algorithmic instructions was used.
Results: The results of the study show that in the proposed matrix of factorial design the chosen step of factor variation is sufficient to study the influence of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching.
An assumption was made about the possibility of using a discriminant function to assess the effectiveness of different modes of exercises when teaching series of tasks. The verification of canonical functions indicates their statistical significance, and the coordinates of centroids make it possible to choose the best variant to obtain a positive effect of teaching series of exercises.
Conclusions: Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine how significantly the modes of training differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development. The discriminant function structure coefficients show that the effectiveness of the training program is determined by selection of series of learning tasks and the mode of their performance.
The first discriminant function with an emphasis on the most informative variables can be used to select a generalized mode of performing exercises of the series of tasks when teaching boys aged 10 the mae-geri (front kick) technique in kyokushin karate. A universal variant for teaching boys aged 10 series of tasks is the second mode of physical exercises: 3 sets with a rest interval of 60 seconds.
Key words: rest intervals, programmed teaching, physical exercises, modes of performing exercises, modeling