2021, Volume 17
Relationship of the results of the modified special endurance test in fencing with the indicators of training experience, aerobic capacity and motor skills of top female fencing athletes
Bartosz Hekiert1, Adam Prokopczyk2, Jarosław Klimczak3, Marek Sokołowski2
1Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Poznań, Poland
2Zakład Sportów i Edukacji Obronnej, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. E. Piaseckiego w Poznaniu, Poznań, Poland
3Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
Author for correspondence: Jarosław Klimczak; Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Success at the highest level of competition in any sport is determined by special skills, endurance and motor skills, and talent (and this factor is generally the most difficult to quantify). Maintaining the ability to achieve high achievement sports (in every competition and in long-term cycles) is related to the development, and over time, maintaining these predispositions at an optimal level. Therefore, the basic method of forecasting the results of sports rivalry with high probability is to systematically control the most important indicators of training using appropriate research tools. The cognitive aim of this study is to knowledge about the correlation between the results of the modified test of special endurance in fencing and the indicators of training experience, aerobic capacity and motor skills previously considered important. Two hypotheses are verified: H1, there is a significant relationship between training experience and the result of the test of special endurance in fencing; H2, the higher result of the special endurance test is significantly related to the motor structure of top female fencing athletes.
Material and Methods: The competitors of the Polish National Team in fencing (n = 34) were tested during the preparatory training camp. Special endurance for fencing was measured with the modified Weichenberger et al. test. Aerobic capacity was estimated using OwnIndex. Motor skills were measured: 5m running; minimum ground contact time; maximum flight time; maximum jump height; the maximum power of the legs; average power over 4 jumps; the maximum stroke frequency and the reactive force index (derivative of the stroke frequency). These measurements were made using the Optagait System.
Results: A significant relationship (r = 0.538, p = 0.001) was demonstrated between training experience and the result of the special endurance test in fencing. Competitors with higher scores on the special endurance test in fencing have a better motor structure in some respects.
Conclusions: The modified special endurance test in fencing has been shown to be useful as the result is significantly related to training experience, aerobic capacity and some motor skills indices. It is justified to recommend the test as a tool for current control of special performance in the training process of top fencing athletes.
Key words: combat sports, lateralisation, perception, special training, training load