2022, Volume 18
Mental training in the opinion of the Polish national karate kyokushin team
Paweł Piepiora1, Justyna Bagińska2, Katarzyna Jaśkowska1, Kazimierz Witkowski1
1Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, Wrocław, Poland
2Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Business in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, Wrocław, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: The widely understood mental training was adopted as the background of the work as it has a sound grounding in numerous scientific papers as well as in the experience of trainers and coaches. The aim of the paper was to verify the opinions of kyokushin karatekas on mental training.
Material and Methods: The Polish representation of juniors and seniors in karate kyokushin (n = 48) from the 2021/2022 season took part in the study. The average training experience in the entire sample of respondents was 12.7 years. Three people are kata competitors and 45 people are kumite competitors. A diagnostic survey method was used, and for this purpose the authors’ own questionnaire was used.
Results: The investigated athletes pay a significant role to mental preparation: they cooperate with sports psychologists and mental trainers; some of them also carry out their own mental training. Standard methods of mental preparation as well as meditation and wakefulness are used by the surveyed karatekas. These methods help to reduce the level of stress, which some of them experience before the competition day, while others experience stress on the day of the competition. The training level of their opponents does not affect their stress level.
Conclusions: For the studied athletes, mental training is very important. Karatekas cooperate with specialists, and also independently undertake mental exercises from the karate culture array. Practising mental training by karatekas reduces their stress level. Most of them experience stress only on the competition day, and this stress is related only to the starting situation.
Key words: sports psychology, self-defence, meditation, combat sports, stress, training experience, wakefulness