2022, Volume 18
Dynamics of technical actions of wrestlers of different weight categories groups in Greco-Roman wrestling based on the World Championships 2021
Artur Kruszewski1, Robert Bąk2, Karol Görner3, Dan Badea4
1Department of Individual Sports, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2Institute of Physical Culture Studies, College of Medical Sciences, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
3Department of Sports Education and Humanistics, Faculty of Sports of the University of Prešov , Prešov, Slovak Republic
4Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, National University of Physical Education and Sports,, Bucharest,, Romania
Author for correspondence: Artur Kruszewski; Department of Individual Sports, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: A wrestling match is characterised by a short, intense, intermittent effort lasting 6 minutes in total for the senior group (1 match = 2 × 3 minutes round), making the need to play 4-5 matches a day during a wrestling tournament an additional element of this effort. The aim of this study is knowledge about the effectiveness of tournament bouts of athletes competing in Greco-Roman wrestling using the example of the World Championships (WSC) in Oslo 2021.
Material and Methods: Study involved a total of 171 wrestling matches played during the World Championships. Video clips of the matches were obtained from the United World Wrestling (UWW) official web site. The video clips were downloaded to a PC as MP4 files using the screen recording function, Competitors were assigned to three different weight categories groups: light (up to 60kg, 67kg), medium (up to 77kg, 87kg), heavy (up to 97kg, 130kg).
Results: Athletes in the light categories group undertook more technical actions in the standing position than athletes in the other weight categories groups: light categories (2.04 ±1.4 actions), medium (1.14 ±1.27 actions) and heavy (1.35 ±1.35 actions). In the bout in the horizontal position, significant differences were recorded between the light categories group (2.53 ±1.89 actions) and the medium (1.89 ±1.51 actions) and also between the medium (1.89 ±1.51 actions) and heavy (0.95 ±1.13) categories groups.
Conclusions: Greco-Roman wrestling matches shows variation according to weight categories groups. Athletes in the light categories group were significantly more likely to successfully perform technical actions in the standing position and the horizontal position than athletes in the medium and heavy categories groups. Therefore, coaches could aim to create specific training programmes for wrestlers taking into account the dynamics of technical actions of different weight groups.
Key words: wrestling match, video clips, division of the combat sports, combat sports