2023, Volume 19
Relationships between the level of strength of the upper and lower limbs and indicators of technical-tactical preparation of kickboxing fighters in the K1 formula competitions
Marta Niewczas1, Lukasz Rydzik2, Wojciech Wąsacz2, Pavel Ružbarský3, Tadeusz Ambroży2, Paweł Król1, Michał Spieszny2
1College of Medical Sciences, Institute of Physical Culture Studies, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszów, Poland
2Institute of Sport Science, University of Physical Education in Krakow, Kraków, Poland
3Department of Sports Kinanthropology, Faculty of Sports, Universtiy of Presov, Prešov, Slovak Republic
Author for correspondence: Michał Spieszny; Institute of Sport Science, University of Physical Education in Krakow, Kraków, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: Strength training is often considered a key element in preparing athletes for combat sports, as it allows them to increase their power capabilities and, through the interaction of motor skills, affects endurance and speed. The aim of our work is knowledge about the level of strength of the upper and lower limbs of kickboxing competitors fighting in the K1 formula and relationship this indicators with the level of technical and tactical preparations.
Material and Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 15 high-level kickboxing athletes who regularly participate in K1 competitions. In the study, the level of isometric strength of the extensors and flexors of the upper and lower limbs (elbow and knee joints, respectively) of the left and right sides was measured. For this purpose, the BTE Primus RS system was used for objective evaluation and functional training (BTE USA, New Hampshire), which in this case served as a dynamometer.
Results: A statistically significant positive relationship was found between the effectiveness and efficiency index of the attack and the strength of the extensors and flexors of the lower right limb (p<0.001).
Conclusions: The level of strength of the lower limbs has a statistically significant effect on the indicators of technical and tactical training.
Key words: isometric strength, motor skills, speed, explosive strength, endurance, combat sports, attack effectiveness, attack activity