2023, Volume 19
Differences in technical and tactical training of the world’s leading national teams in judo tournaments in 2017-2018
Katarzyna Szczepanik1, Grzegorz Lech1, Kazimierz Witkowski2, Janusz Jaworski1, Tomasz Pałka1, Paweł Piepiora2
1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education in Kraków, Kraków, Poland
2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, Wrocław, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, Wrocław, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: World-level judo athletes are characterized by a high level of technical-tactical skills. The purpose of this study was knowledge of the probable differences in the technical-tactical training of judo athletes of the Japanese, Georgian and French national teams.
Material and Methods: The research material consisted of audio-video recordings of IJF senior international competitions from 2017-2018. The fight recordings can be found in the collection of multimedia files on the websites www.judobase.ijf.org and www.dartfish.tv. The course of the fights was analysed by a high-class judo coach with many years of coaching and competition experience. Total 1769 fights were studied, 4010 technical actions and 1976 penalties were recorded. The following were evaluated: the technical actions used, the activity in attack and the proportions of their components, as well as the effectiveness of the actions.
Results: It was found that Japanese competitors showed the highest activity during fights. A weak correlation was found between national team membership and the frequency of effective attacks, ineffective attacks and forced penalties during the fight. In contrast, this relationship at a moderate level was noted in the first part of the fight. When comparing the techniques used, a moderate statistically significant relationship was found between the affiliation of the national teams studied and: classification taking into account torso rotations, Kodokan classification and method of attack application. A weak one between the affiliation of the studied national teams and the side of the lean with which the attack was combined. Georgia competitors had the highest average referee’ scores. It was statistically significantly different from the marks received by the French representatives. Statistically significant differences between the effectiveness of the actions of the competitors of the studied national teams also occurred in the following areas: throws with a rotation of the torso, throws without a rotation of the torso, hand throws, sacrifice techniques, single attacks, forward direction of the attack, throws applied to the right, the first part of the fight and the second part of the fight.
Conclusions: The characteristics of the technical-tactical training of the studied teams, as determined in the study, should be used as models in planning the formation of the competitor’s technical-tactical training. They can also be used by coaches of national teams preparing judokas for confrontation with competitors of the studied teams.
Key words: Kodokan division, effective attack, competition experience