2023, Volume 19
Taekwondo instructors' life skills teaching: a key factor in life skills development and transfer of youth trainees
Yong-Quan Shen1, Dong-Su Kim2, Junsu Bae3
1Department of Physical education, Yancheng Polytechnic College of China, Yancheng, China
2College of Basic Education, Dong-A University, Busan, South Korea
3Department of Taekwondo, Yongin University, Yongin, South Korea
Author for correspondence: Dong-Su Kim; College of Basic Education, Dong-A University, Busan, South Korea; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: The role of an instructor in taekwondo training is very important, especially regarding the level of life skills development and transfer in youth trainees, which can vary depending on the instructor's level of life skills teaching. However, there is no research found that statistically verifies the impact of taekwondo instructors' life skills teaching in Korea. Therefore, this study aim is knowledge about the structural relationship among the explicit and implicit life skills teachings of taekwondo instructors, trainees' life skills development, and transfer.
Material and Methods: The study was based on data from 363 youth trainees (Mage = 18.26 ±0.87) who practice taekwondo, and the results were derived through descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and a structural equation model.
Results: The results of the structural model analysis showed that both implicit and explicit teachings had positive effects on life skills. However, while explicit teaching had a positive effect on transfer, implicit teaching did not have a statistically significant effect. Meanwhile, it was confirmed that there was a positive relationship between life skills development and transfer of trainees.
Conclusions: This study suggests that life skills teaching by taekwondo instructors is important for the development of trainees' life skills, and that explicit teaching is necessary for life skills to be transferred to their daily lives.
Key words: cognitive process, mental strength, skills