2023, Volume 19
Effect of semi-professional boxing training on selected inflammatory indicators and anaerobic performance
Tomasz Waldziński1, Paulina Brzezińska2, Jan Mieszkowski2, Aleksandra Durzyńska1, Magdalena Kochanowicz3, Katarzyna Żołądkiewicz2, Andrzej Kochanowicz2
1Faculty of Health Sciences, Lomza State University of Applied Science, Lomza, Poland, Łomża, Poland
2Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland , Gdańsk, Poland
3Department of Physical Therapy, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland, Gdańsk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Jan Mieszkowski; Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland , Gdańsk, Poland; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: Boxing is a popular combat sport which requires many years of physical preparation and a high level of physical fitness. However, there are limited data about the influence of boxing training induced adaptation on blood parameters specially in case of post-exercise inflammatory response. The aim of the study was to verify hypotheses: long lasting boxing training induces adaptation changes in biochemical response during anaerobic exercises.
Material and Methods: Total 17 male boxers with more than 5 years’ experience in boxing and 11 physical active man voluntarily participated in this study. Venous blood samples were taken before, immediately after, 60 min and 24 h after Wingate anaerobic test.
Results: Significantly higher mechanical indicator after two-time lower body WAnT was observed in semi-professional boxing groups, for mean power, peak power and mean power normalized to body mass. Furthermore, boxing training causes changes in selected serum inflammatory markers interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-15 (IL-15) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Moreover, boxing training is associated with the higher pre-WAnT creatine kinase (CK) status and its lover post exercises changes.
Conclusions: Boxing training is associated changes in serum concentration of interleukin 10, interleukin 15, tumour necrosis factor alpha induced by anaerobic exercise indicate that boxing training may be associated with attenuation of post-exercises pro-inflammatory response and induce anti-inflammatory cytokines secretion.
Key words: interleukin-10, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-15, inflammation process